Buy Crypto
Pay with
Markets
NFT
New
Downloads
English
USD

What Information Does Open Interest Convey?

2020-02-07

Key Takeaways: 

  • Volume accounts for all contracts that have been traded in a given period

  • On the other hand, open interest considers the total number of open positions held by market participants at any given time.

  • As more capital flows into a futures contract, open interest increases, which is why it is consider to indicate bull or bear trends.

Traders are always searching for information to get an edge in the market. The most valuable information is one that provides insights into what other traders are doing.

Open Interest prodives insights on how traders are approaching cryptocurrencies and their bias on the market’s trend.. Understanding open interest and its impact on cryptocurrencies  can help you make better-informed trading decisions.

Understanding Open Interest

Volume and open interest are related concepts. Volume accounts for all contracts that have been traded in a given period, while open interest considers the total number of open positions held by market participants at any given time. Regardless of long or short positions, open interest adds up all opened trades and subtracts the trades that have been closed on Binance Futures

Let’s consider a scenario where John, Alice, and Bob open a position in BTCBUSD Perpetual Futures Contracts at the same time that Sam closes his position.. Table 1 shows how open interest changes as a result of these traders’ activities.

Table 1 - Changes in open interest as a result of trading activity

Trader

Position

Quantity

Change in Open Interest

Open Interest

John

Long (Open)

3 BTC

+3

3

Alice

Long (Open)

5 BTC

+5

8

Bob

Short (Open)

7 BTC

+7

15

Sam

Long (Close)

2 BTC

-2

13

As shown in the table above, open interest increased from 3 to 15 as traders open new positions, and declined as existing positions were closed. This illustrates how open interest changes based on the number of daily open contracts.  

Why Open Interest Matters

In traditional futures markets, traders closely monitor changes in open interest as an indicator to determine market sentiment and the strength behind price trends. 

Open interest indicates capital flowing in and out of the market. As capital flows into a futures contract, open interest increases. Conversely,  as capital flows out of the derivatives markets, open interest declines. For this reason, increasing open interest is often considered as one of the many factors that can serve as confirmation of a bull market, whereas decreasing open interest signals a bear market.

Traders usually track the changes in price, volume, and open interest to analyze the prevailing market sentiment. Table 2 shows an interpretation of market behavior as a result of these fluctuations. 

Table 2 - Interpretation of market behavior as price, volume, and open interest change

Price

Volume

Open Interest

Market Sentiment

Rising

Increasing

Increasing

Bullish

Rising

Decreasing

Decreasing

Bearish

Falling

Increasing

Increasing

Bearish

Falling

Decreasing

Decreasing

Bullish

Open interest is an important signal of market behavior and may provide clues to market direction. Traders often incorporate these factors into their analysis of price trends and momentum.

Open Interest Across Crypto-Futures Markets

In the crypto markets, volume and open interest are fragmented across major native exchanges. Thus, analyzing open interest across these exchanges provides a macro view of investor’s sentiment on widely traded crypto assets. Chart 1 displays the aggregated BTC futures open interest across major exchanges.

Chart 1 - Open interest across major exchanges

Source: Skew.com, Data from 1st to 31st January 2020

On the whole, open interest increased from $2.5 billion on January 1st to $4 billion by January 31st.  Open interest in BitMEX, OKex, and Huobi dominated across the industry, with $1.4, $1.2, and $0.7 billion of open interest respectively – adding up to 80% of the industry. Meanwhile, newcomers like Binance Futures have recorded fast-growing open interest across all of its crypto futures offerings. 

In January, the general increase in open interest coincides with a recovery in BTC perpetual markets as prices rallied more than 30%. Correspondingly, its open interest increased by 60% – double the net change of perpetual prices. This clearly shows the growing optimism of BTC holders as its bullish trend is well-supported by investors.

Chart 2 - Aggregate open interest vs. BTC perpetual markets

Source: Binance Futures, Data from 1st to 31st January 2020. 

Binance Futures

The Growing Open Interest on  

In its fifth month of operations, Binance Futures has seen steady growth in open interest across Bitcoin and altcoins perpetual markets. On the whole, its open interest doubled since the beginning of the year from 137 million USDT to 290 million USDT. By January 12th, open interest on Binance Futures reached the $200 million mark. 

In BTC perpetual markets, open interest grew 56% since January 1st. A growing open interest tends to reflect greater liquidity for the contract. Therefore, traders on Binance Futures are more likely to get their orders filled at an acceptable price.

Chart 3 - Open interest in Bitcoin perpetual contract

Source: Binance Futures, Data as of 31st January 2020. 

Since the inception of 8 altcoin perpetual contracts in January, open interest on Binance Futures has proliferated. Collectively, open interest across altcoin perpetual markets has grown from under 20 million USDT on January 1st to 75 million USDT – expanded more than 250% in a single month.

With growing open interest for both Bitcoin and altcoins perpetual markets, traders on Binance Futures may enjoy better liquidity as market participation grows. This means that traders can transact orders efficiently and quickly with little or no price impact. 

Chart 4 - Open interest across altcoin perpetual markets

Source: Binance Futures, Data as of 31st January 2020. 

In the altcoin perpetual markets, open interest on widely traded contracts like ETHUSDT and BCHUSDT dominate 29.6% and 19.6% respectively. New offerings like ETCUSDT have grown in popularity within two weeks since its inception, with open interest growing over 10 million USDT, 13.8% of Binance Futures’ altcoin open interest markets. 

In the last 3 months, open interest on Binance Futures, specifically, BTC perpetual contracts have grown tremendously. As such, its open interest has narrowed the gap with traditional exchanges like CME. Chart 4 shows the ratio of open interest on CME Bitcoin Futures to Binance Futures (BTCUSDT).

Chart 5 - Open interest ratio on CME Bitcoin Futures to Binance Futures (BTCUSDT).

Source: CME, Binance Futures. Data from November 1st 2019 to January 31st 2020.

As shown in Chart 4, CME’s open interest was 2.8 times larger than Binance Futures at the start of November 2019. However, CME’s dominance gradually declined as Binance Futures gained a foothold in the crypto-derivatives industry. Subsequently, open interest on Binance Futures (BTCUSDT) briefly surpassed CME in the last week of December 2019, recording USDT 136 million in open interest vs. $117 million on CME. The ratio suggests that more traders are choosing Binance Futures as their preferred platform over traditional exchanges.

The Bottom Line

Many analysts believe that interpreting changes in open interest can provide valuable information about the market. For example, if open interests are increasing along with prices and volume, it might indicate a bull trend. 

Open interest can help traders get a sense of whether crypto markets are strengthening or weakening. It can also be used to identify trading opportunities you might otherwise overlook.

In crypto markets, a growing open interest tends to reflect increasing capital inflows and market participation. Thus, traders can benefit from greater market liquidity on both futures as well as their corresponding spot markets. As such, traders should closely monitor the changes in open interest and use this data to their advantage. 

Read the following helpful articles for more information about Binance Futures:

Disclaimer: Crypto assets are volatile products with a high risk of losing money quickly. Prices can fluctuate significantly on any given day. Due to these price fluctuations, your holdings may significantly increase or decrease in value at any given moment, which can result in a loss of all the capital you have invested in a transaction.

Therefore, you should not trade or invest money you cannot afford to lose. It is crucial that you fully understand the risks involved before deciding to trade with us in light of your financial resources, level of experience, and risk appetite. If required, you should seek advice from an independent financial advisor. The actual returns and losses experienced by you will vary depending on many factors, including, but not limited to, market behavior, market movement, and your trade size. Past performance is not a guide to future performance. The value of your investments may go up or down. Learn more here