Morgan Stanley: Bitcoin Lightning Network better than Debit Cards for payments
U.S. bank Morgan Stanley published a report on Bitcoin and its second-layer payment solution Lightning Network. This BTC-based use case enables users to settle transactions in an instant, and records a 410% year-over-year growth, according to Arcane Research.
This suggests that people are adopting the Lightning Network, but can the payment solution function at scale? Morgan Stanley set out to answer this question.
Alex Gladstein, Chief Strategy Officer (CSO) for the Human Rights Foundation (HRF), summarized the report via his Twitter account. He claims the document is a product of Jack Maller’s Bitcoin-based Lightning Network company Strike and its recent partnerships with Shopify, NCR, and Blackhawk.
Strike provide U.S. companies with a point-of-sale (PoS) based on BTC’s Lighting Network, an alternative to traditional payment rails, VISA, and Mastercard. As Morgan Stanley said, according to Gladstein, one in six PoS is powered by NCR which makes that announcement more significant.
The VISA and Mastercard power PoS and Strike’s alternative, the banking institution noted, operate similarly proving users with “real-time settlement” for payment. However, the BTC alternative is much cheaper, with better privacy features. Gladstein highlighted the following from the report:
(…) while the benefit for the consumer is that they can, if they want, host their bitcoin on a private, secure network, allowing an element of privacy associated with their transaction.
The banking institution, Gladstein continued, pointed out the tradeoffs of using a Bitcoin-based PoS: the price fluctuation in the underlying asset, the taxes implications, and the potential scrutiny from regulators and government officials if they believe that BTC is a “legitimate competitor currency to the U.S. dollar”.
Bitcoin Bear Markets Better For Spending?
Over the past decade, the price of Bitcoin has increased significantly and seems to continue on an uptrend. This could be a limitation, as mentioned above, of its capacity to be a medium of exchange. People could see little incentives in spending their BTC.
In that sense, the report claims that Bear Markets could be beneficial for BTC spending. Over the long run, as seen in the chart below, the cryptocurrency is better at providing its holders with more purchasing power, unlike the U.S. dollar.
The banking institution presented two charts. The first is the price of a bag of potato chips in the U.S. versus Bitcoin and the U.S. dollar. Despite its volatility, BTC has gained purchasing power, as its decreases in terms of fiat.
The same principle applies to the housing market as real estate becomes cheaper in BTC and expensive in U.S. dollars. Gladstein claims, based on the report, that the average U.S. home price declined from 993 BTC in 2015 to 8.27 BTC today.
Gladstein noted the following as Morgan Stanley declared BTC a better form of payment than debit cards:
(the report) suggests we are at the beginning of an era where more and more consumers may over time choose to pay for goods using Bitcoin and cryptocurrency.
At the time of writing, BTC’s price trades at $41,600 with a 1% loss on the 4-hour chart.
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