Polygon (MATIC) is a Layer 2 scaling solution for Ethereum that aims to provide faster and cheaper transactions. It is a network of blockchains that run alongside the Ethereum main chain, and users can deposit Ethereum tokens to a Polygon smart contract to interact with them within Polygon.
Polygon uses a variety of scaling technologies, including sidechains, optimistic rollups, and ZK rollups. Sidechains are separate blockchains that run parallel to the Ethereum main chain, and optimistic rollups and ZK rollups are techniques for bundling multiple transactions together and processing them off-chain, before submitting them to the main chain.
Polygon is a popular choice for developers who want to build decentralized applications (dApps) on Ethereum, as it offers a number of advantages over the main chain, including:
Faster transaction speeds: Polygon transactions can be processed in seconds, compared to minutes or hours on the Ethereum main chain.
Lower transaction fees: Polygon transaction fees are typically much lower than those on the Ethereum main chain.
Increased scalability: Polygon can handle a much higher volume of transactions than the Ethereum main chain.
Compatibility with Ethereum: Polygon is fully compatible with Ethereum, so developers can easily port their dApps from Ethereum to Polygon.
Polygon is used by a variety of dApps, including decentralized exchanges (DEXes), non-fungible token (NFT) marketplaces, and gaming platforms. Some of the most popular Polygon dApps include:
QuickSwap: A DEX that allows users to trade Ethereum tokens and Polygon tokens.
Aavegotchi: A play-to-earn NFT game where players can earn rewards by interacting with their Aavegotchi NFTs.
SushiSwap: A DEX that allows users to trade Ethereum tokens and Polygon tokens.
OpenSea: An NFT marketplace where users can buy, sell, and create NFTs.
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